A large percentage of the patient population is referred to physical therapy for a spinal dysfunction. This newsletter will focus on assessing lumbar pathology in patients with back pain. A thorough assessment is the key to successful treatment for our patients.
During active range of motion we observe the quality of movemant, the quantity of movement, and whether we can reproduce the patient's pain with movement.
For some patients, we can easily reproduce the patient's pain with straight plane movement. For others, their pain can only be reproduced with combined movements (trunk flexation or extension combined with side-bending and rotation).
During the positional assessment portion of the exam, we notice that a patient's trunk range of motion (ROM) is limited due to reproduced pain. We will then take the patient to the verge of pain and unload the spine.
If pain relief and improved ROM result, unloading techniques can be incorporated into the patient's treatment program. By placing the patient in positions that load or unload the spine, we can affect a change in the patients's pain and his or her ability to perform therapeutic exercise.
In addition to a thourough neurological screen (DTRs, sensation, MMT, etc.) testing the mobility of the neuromeningeal tiddue in the lumbo-sacral portion of the spine is of critical importance during our assessment. This is also an excellent screen for patients who present with hip pain which may be referred from the lumbar spine.
The Slump Test provides greater functional accuracy than the supine Straight Leg Raise Test. In a sitting or standing position, weightbearing structures are loaded prior to our assessing for neurotension. If the test is positive (patient's back, hip, or leg symptoms are reproduced), we immediately begin the process of educating our patients on the need to avoid aggravating factors that reproduce neurotension. Although we may not know what structure or structures are creating neurotension and subsequent pain, we do know that repeated irritations to that tissue will only delay healing.
A detailed patient history, in combination with the aformentioned assessment techniques (positional assessment, loading/unloading, and neurotension screen), will guide our choice of appropriate treatment.
The lumbar spine will typically respond well to therapeutic exercise when a correct assessment has been performed. However, the patient's failure to identify and/or avoid activities of daily living that reproduce or intensify their back pain, will usually result in healing delays. Here are some examples that we discuss with our patients:
Positive Hypermobility, Avoid:
Positive Neurotension, Avoid
And be careful:
These people are wonderful and they are there for you in time of need. Darrin Marsh has enabled me to have a better life without so much pain that I have every day.
Barbara J. Deem -
Make an Appointment
We will do our best to accommodate your busy schedule. We can offer after business hours appointments, in addition to weekend appointments and emergency situations. Call to make your appointment now!Request Now
We strive to provide specialized and individualized care for every patient we treat. There are no "cookie-cutter" treatment protocols at McCarter Health Center. Each patient is examined and given a treatment protocol that is specific to that patients therapeutic needs and goals.
Services offered at McCarter Health Center include: Chiropractic, Therapeutic Massage Therapy, Hormone Testing, D.O.T. Driver Physical Examination, Workplace Wellness Consulting, Workplace Ergonomics Integration, Student Athlete School Physicals ... There are many options offered at McCarter Health Center that gives the patients a variety of methods of obtaining their treatment goals.
Any questions can be addressed by contacting our office at your convenience @ 304-428-8300.